In real estate law, discount refers to a reduction in property taxes that a person must pay for a particular property. Tax cuts are often granted to encourage economic development. The reduction of property rights may also refer to a remedy available for public harassment, where the government or the responsible person must reduce the nuisance. ABATA, plea, is the reversal of a lawsuit as a result of an error in filing or enforcement if the plaintiff is not forever prevented from bringing another action. 1 chit. P. 434. The reduction is based on one means. There can be no derogatory in the reduction. Representative of Willes 479; Salk.
220. 2. The pleas concern 1 the jurisdiction of the Tribunal; 2, to the person of the applicant; 3, that of the defendant; 4, on the application; 5, the characteristics of these means; 6 in the form of such means; 7, for the affidavit of the veracity of the rebate requests. 3.-1. As regards the pleas alleging jurisdiction of the Tribunal, see article Jurisdiction and Arch. Civ. Pl. 290; 1 chit.
Pl. Index. Titte, jurisdiction. There is only one case in which the jurisdiction of the court can be asked in the context of the general question, and it is in this case that no court in the country has jurisdiction to hear the case, since in this case no action can be upheld under the law of the land. 3 Mass. Rep. Rea v. Hayden, 1 Dougl. 450; 3. John. 113; 2 Penn. Law Journal 64, Meredith v.
Pierie. 4.-2. With regard to the person of the applicant. (1.) The defendant may invoke the person of the plaintiff that there has never been such a person in rerum natura. Bro. Letter, 25; 19 Johns. 308 Com. Dig. Shed, E 16.
And if one of the several applicants is a fictitious person, the application is cancelled. Com. Dig. Discount, E 16; 1 chit. Pl. 435; Bishop Civ. Pl. 304. But a nominal ejection plaintiff can assert a lawsuit. 5 Vermin. 93; 19. John.
308. For the Pennsylvania rule, see 5 Watt, 423. 5.-(2.) The defendant may claim that the plaintiff is a secret woman. Co. bed. 132, b.; or that she is his own wife. 1 Brown. ENT. 63; and see 3 T.R. 631; 6 R. T.
265; Com. Dig. Discount, E 6; 1 chit. p. 437; Ore. Civ. Pl. 302. An action brought after the action is a plea which cannot be raised in cash following an opposition, unless the case arises in cash from the plea in the present case; But in this case, the defendant must not continue to intervene between the events of this new case or its disclosure and plea. 4 S&R. 238; Ferry. Abr.
Discount, G; 4. Fair 659; 4 p. & R. 238; 1. Bailey, 369; 4 Vern. 545; 2 Wheat. 111; 14 Fair 295; 1 Black 288; 2. Bailey, 349 See 10 pp. & R. 208; 7 vermin 508; 1 Yeates, 185; 2 Dall. 184; 3. Bibb, 246.6.-(3.) That the plaintiff (unless he is suing with others as executors) is an infant and has been declared by a lawyer.
1 chit. p. 436; Arch. Civ. Pi. 301; Arch. Pr. B. R. 142; 2 hours.
212, s, n. 5; 1 went. 58, 62; 7 John R. 373; 3 N. H. Rep. 345; 8 Selection. 552; and see 7 Mass 241; 4 Halst. 381 2 N. H. Rep.
487. 7.-(4.) A lawsuit brought by a madman under guardianship must decrease. Brayt. 18.8.-(5.) The death of the applicant before the purchase of the original application can be claimed at a reduced price. 1 Arch. Civ. Pl. 304, 5; Com. Dig. Discount, E 17.
The death of the plaintiff in anticipation of the request could have been possible since the last sequel, Com. Dig. Discount, H 32; 4 hens. & Munf. 410; 3 Fair 296; Cam. & Nor. 72; 4 Falcons, 433; 2 roots, 57; 9 Fair 422; 4 H. & M. 410; Gilmer, 145; 2 margins. 454; 2 Green.
127. However, in some states, such as Pennsylvania, the death of the applicant does not mitigate the application; In this case, the executor or administrator will be replaced. The common law rule is that whenever the death of a party occurs until the complaint is filed, and the lawsuit is still in the same state as if such a party were alive, then that death does not change; And according to this rule, all diversity turns. Gilb. COM. Medium 242. 9.-(6.) alienation or that the applicant is a foreign enemy. Ferry. Abr.
h.t.; 6 bins. 241 ; 10 Jeans. 183; 9 Fair 363; No. 377; 11 Fair 119; 12 Fair 8; 3 31. & p. 533; 2. Johannes Kap. R. 508; 15 East, 260; Com.
Dig. Discount, E 4; Id. Alien, C 5; 1 p. & r. 310; 1 chap. Pl. 435; Archbishop Civ. Pl. 3, 301. 10.-(7.) Abuse of language by the applicant may also be argued for a discount.
Arch. Civ. Pi. 305; 1 Chitty`s plea, index finger, breasts. Improper. Com. Dig. Reduction, E 19, E 20, E 21, E 22; l Fair 75; Ferry. Abr.
h.t. 11.-(8.) If one of the joint tenants is one of several, bring an ex contractu action, Co. lit. 180 b; Ferry. Abr. Roommate, K; 1 B. & P. 73; one of the many co-entrepreneurs, Arch.
Civ. Pl. 48-51, 53; one of the many partners, Gow on Part 150; One of the many co-executors who have proven the will, or even if they have not proven the will, 1 chit. pp. 12, 13; one of several joint directors, ibid. 13; The defendant may claim non-adherence to the remittance. Bishop Civ. Pl.
304; see Com. Graben. Reduction, E 9, E 12, E 13, E 14. 12.-(9.) If persons come together as plaintiffs in an action that should not, the defendant may assert the statement of opposition in the reduction. Bishop Civ. Pl. 304; Com. Dig. Reduction, E 15.13.-(10.) If the plaintiff is an alleged corporation and intends to challenge its existence, the defendant must argue for a reduction. Wright, 12; 3 Selection. 236; 1 mass 485; 1 pet 450; 4 pets.
501; 5 Animals 231. In response to an action brought on behalf of “district court judges” after the abolition of such a court, the defendant may assert a mitigatingly that there are no such judges. Richter, &c. v. Phillips; 2 Bay, 519. 14.-3. With regard to the person of the defendant. (1) In the case of an action brought against two or more persons, the reduction may be invoked by the fact that there has never been a person in rerum natura such as A, who is designated with him as defendant. Arch. Civ.
Pl. 312. 15.-(2.) If the defendant is a married woman, she can generally rely on her cover-up in the rebate, 8 T.R. 545; Com. Dig. Reduction, F 2. Exceptions to this rule occur when coverage is suspended. Com. Dig. Rebate, F 2, § 3; Co. bed. 132,b; 2 Bl.
R. 1197; Co. B. L. 43 16.-(3.) The death of the defendant sets aside the common law application and, in some cases, the remedy is still set aside, see Com. Dig. Discount, H 34; 1 hay. 500; 2 bins. l.; 1 Gilm. 145; 1 Const. 83rd Republic; 4 McCord, 160; 7 Wheat.
530; 1 watt, 229; 4. Fair 480; 8 Green. 128; In general, if the cause of action dies in the person`s case, the action expires due to the death of the defendant before the judgment. Vide Actio Personalis moritur persona. 17.-(4.) The wrong name of the accused may be invoked for the reduction, but one defendant cannot invoke the erroneous name of another. Com. Dig. Discount, F 18; Lutw. 36; 1 chit. p. 440; Arch. Civ.
Pl. 312. See form of a means of reduction due to incorrect designation of the defendant in 3 hours. 209, b., and see further, 1 show. 394; Carth. 307 ; Comb. 188 ; 1 Lutw. 10 ; 5 T. R. 487 18.-(5.) If a common tenant, Com. Dig. Reduction, F 5, or a common tenant, in cases where they should be joined, ibid.
F 6, will be sued alone – he can plead for a discount. And in the case of contract actions, if the plaintiff does not sue all the contractors, he can argue for a discount from non-candidate countries. Ibid. F 8, a; 1 wash. 9; 18 Johns. 459; 2 John Cas. 382; 3 Caines`s Rep. 99; Arch. Civ. Pl.
309; 1 chit. P. 441. If the husband and wife are prosecuted together and one of them is prosecuted alone, the non-ally can be argued for a discount. Arch. Civ. Pl. 309.
The non-adherence of all executors who have proved the will; and the non-participation of all the directors of the deceased may be pleaded for a discount. Com. Dig. Discount, F 10. 19.-(6.) In the context of an authentic action, if it is brought against several persons, they can rely on several leases, that is, in several cases and not together, they own Com. Dig. Discount, F 12; or one of them can take care of the entire rental and request the verdict on the declaration of claim. Id. F 13.
But the defendant`s erroneous connection in a personal lawsuit is not appealed for a discount. Archbishop Civ. Pl. 68, 310. 20.-(7.) In cases where the defendant may invoke non-employment, see Arch. Civ. Pl. 310; Cro.
El. 559 21.-(8.) Where he can avail himself of a disclaimer, see Arch. Civ. Pl. 311; Com. Dig. Reduction, F 15.22.-(9.) A defendant may invoke his privilege not to be sued, at a discount.