In May 2006, the government published a draft reform of the penal code, which includes the decriminalization of abortion. A committee examined the matter and prepared a draft for submission to Congress. The draft was signed by the Secretary of Criminal Law and Penitentiary Affairs, Alejandro Slokar. On 28 May 2007, a group of 250 NGOs that formed the National Campaign for Legal, Safe and Free Abortion submitted to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies a bill that would allow unlimited access to elective abortion until the 12th week of pregnancy and would allow women to have an abortion after that period in cases of rape. severe fetal malformations and mental or physical risk to the woman.   In most countries, such as Brazil, abortions are only allowed in extremely limited circumstances such as rape or danger to the life of the mother, while in some, such as the Dominican Republic and El Salvador, they are completely prohibited. Voluntary abortion (IVE, Spanish acronym) has been demanded by the feminist movement since the 1970s.  In 2005, the National Campaign for Legal, Safe and Free Abortion was founded, an organization that advocates for the legalization of abortion in Argentina.  Since 2007, the campaign has submitted a law legalizing abortion to the National Congress every year, but it was first placed on the legislative agenda in 2018, when then-President Mauricio Macri sponsored the debate. The bill was passed by the Chamber of Deputies but rejected by the Senate.     In 2020, newly elected President Alberto Fernandez delivered on his campaign promise and sent a new government-sponsored bill (slightly different from the campaign`s) to legalize abortion on demand by the 14th week of pregnancy.
 It was adopted again in December 2020 by the Chamber of Deputies and this time by the Senate.  The first category may be easier to handle. Since abortion is now allowed, all ongoing cases can be dismissed, although “it won`t be so automatic,” said Diego Morales, a lawyer with the Justice Center. Activists have been campaigning for years for a change in the law. The passage came two years after senators narrowly voted against legalizing abortion. Colombia. The country`s highest court decriminalized abortion in 2022, making it the third major country in Latin America to grant access to the procedure. This decision paves the way for the widespread adoption of abortion in this historically conservative Catholic country. Julieta Cabrera, 46, told Congress on Wednesday: “I didn`t want to believe it until the last moment, not before the last vote, because last time we raised our hopes.” She said she came out because “abortion is something I experienced first-hand. My generation and many others have lived it. Argentina. In 2020, the country became the largest country in Latin America to legalize abortion — an important step in a conservative region and a victory for a popular movement that has turned years of rallies into political power.
A developing landscape. Women`s access to abortion continues to be discussed around the world. Here is an overview of the situation in some countries: The decision comes after years of organizing within the Argentine movement for abortion rights. As they work to improve access to abortion in rural areas, activists are also trying to clear the criminal records of hundreds of women accused of abortion-related crimes in recent years. The Center for Legal and Social Studies, a human rights group that has advocated for the legalization of abortion, said there were more than 1,500 lawsuits directly related to abortion from 2012 to 2020, and 37 for “obstetric events” typically related to miscarriage. Several cases of pregnancy as a result of rape and one with a non-viable fetus have occurred since the beginning of the 21st century. ==References=====External links===* Official website In 2001, Luciana Monzón, 25, of Rosario, Santa Fe, discovered that the fetus in her womb was anencephaly at the 16th week of pregnancy. There was virtually no chance of survival for the baby once he left the womb. Four weeks later, she sought judicial approval to end the pregnancy. First, one judge apologized, then another apologized for handling the request, and the case was taken to the Santa Fe Supreme Court, which ordered the first judge to decide. At that time, however, Monzón had decided to end it due to the delay.
The baby was born spontaneously, only 558 grams and died 45 minutes after birth.    Guatemala. After lawmakers passed a new law imposing up to 10 years in prison for women who have abortions, protests erupted. A few days later, in a sharp turnaround that surprised analysts, President Alejandro Giammattei said he would veto the law. In June 2007, the Rosario legislature in the province of Santa Fe adopted a protocol similar to that of Buenos Aires. Doctors who assist a woman covered by article 86 of the Penal Code are obliged to explain her condition to the patient and to offer the choice of abortion, as well as advice before and after the abortion. The protocol explicitly prohibits the legalization of the procedure and warns that doctors who delay a legal abortion are subject to administrative sanctions and civil or criminal prosecution.   Abortion rights movements in other countries have already been supported by the example of Argentina. This is in line with the country`s legacy as a leader in the expansion of human rights through its revolutionary civilian trial of a military junta of the 1970s that committed acts of terrorism against its own people; Adopt legal gender quotas that have made a significant difference in the legalization of abortion; and the recent adoption of transgender rights. Over the past 25 years, there has been an overwhelming global trend toward liberalization of abortion laws, with more than 50 countries liberalizing their laws.