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Which Amendment in the Constitution Gave Panchayat a Legal Status

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According to Article 243C, the composition of panchayats is decided by the state legislature. The number of seats at each level of a panchayat depends on the population of that territory. (c) Members of the House of the People and members of the State Legislative Assembly representing constituencies comprising in whole or in part a panchayat area at a level other than the village level in that level of panchayat; LawSikho has created a telegram group for the exchange of legal knowledge, recommendations and various possibilities. You can click on this link and register: Statement of Objects and Grounds annexed to the Constitution (Seventy-second Amendment) Bill, 1991, which was in force Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992 The state legislature may authorize panchayats by law to collect and collect taxes, fees, tolls or charges. Panchayats may be charged with taxes, fees, fees, or tolls levied by the state government to perform certain work. Panchayats receive a subsidy from the consolidated sovereign wealth fund. The state legislature may also establish a fund for credit and withdrawal purposes by or for panchayats. This amendment is based on the DPSP`s Gandhi principle, which advocated decentralized democracy, or the idea that individuals must make their own decisions. Gandhiji advocated the third level of government, which can understand the problems of the people of the village at the grassroots level. (2) No amendment to an Act now in force shall have the effect of dissolving a panchayat at any level that was in force immediately before the amendment until the expiration of its term under clause (1).

Although the institutions of Panchayati Raj have existed for a long time, it has been observed that they have not been able to achieve the status and dignity of viable and responsive people`s organs for a number of reasons, including lack of regular elections, prolonged replacement, insufficient representation of weaker parties such as scheduled castes, planned tribes and women, insufficient decentralization of power and lack of financial resources. Follow us on Instagram and subscribe to our YouTube channel for more amazing legal content. The 73rd Amendment Act was passed in 1992 and came into force on April 24, 1993, inserting Part IX, consisting of sections 243 to 243-O, and the eleventh list of 29 functional elements. The law gave the state government certain powers to form gram panchayats at the local level and to provide them with all the support necessary to work as a unit of autonomy. The panchayat system was widespread in India before the Amending Bill came into force. The problem with this system was that it was not well organized, it lacked sufficient financial resources, irregular elections, it did not have adequate representation of the weaker parties, i.e. scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, and the government did not support local authorities. To address these issues and strengthen local self-government bodies, this change was introduced by the central government to provide legal support to local panchaiates. (b) Parliament may, by law, extend the provisions of this Part to the scheduled areas and tribal areas referred to in paragraph 1 of this section, subject to the exceptions and amendments set forth in this Act, and such an Act shall not be deemed to constitute an amendment to this Constitution within the meaning of section 368. The 74th Constitutional Amendment Law ordered the creation and delegation of powers to local municipal bodies (ULBs) or municipal governments as the lowest government unit in cities and municipalities. This historic initiative of the Indian government in 1993 was built on the premise that all “power” in a democracy rightfully belongs to the “people”. [1] Power was transferred to the people through local bodies (called municipalities), namely municipal corporations, councils and Nagar Panchayats, which would have regularly elected representatives and play a crucial role in planning, delivering and delivering services.

The Constitution Act (73rd Amendment) was passed in 1992 and entered into force on April 24, 1993. The law authorized state governments to take the necessary steps to formalize gram panchayats and help them function as units of autonomy. This is an important part of UPSC`s policy and governance curriculum. Under section 243J, the state legislature is empowered to arrange for panchayats to maintain and audit the accounts of panchayats. The Gram Sabha is defined in Article 243 (b), which provides that a Gram Sabha is a corporation composed of persons registered to vote in the village belonging to the territory of Panchayat at the village level. This is the foundation of the Panchayati Raj institution. Section 243A of the Constitution of India authorizes the Gram Sabha to exercise functions at the village level in accordance with the law or legislature of the state. If the remaining period during which the dissolved panchayat would have been maintained is less than six months, it is not necessary to hold an election under this clause to form the panchayat for that period.